By Stefan Swanepoel
RISMEDIA, July 20, 2007–For real estate professionals there are lessons to be learned from every changing market condition; especially a housing bubble. The question is, will they? For a great many agents who have never experienced anything other than the recent feeding frenzy, this is the first time they’ll be learning them and for the rest who have “been there before,” it’s a time to reflect on the last time through the cycle and add the new lessons learned.
The housing bubble expanded in the first few years of the 2000s, especially in the coastal areas, the southwest and the highly populous areas. A bubble is basically a period during which a mania for home buying occurs. In this instance it included a rapid increase in housing prices due to historically low interest rates and generally poor lending standards.
Bubbles are usually hard to identify beforehand, not widely accepted during the upswing but easy to detail with hindsight. Retrospection is remarkable, isn’t it?
So in light of the current declining real estate market, including overall lower sales, rising inventories, longer time on market and increasing foreclosure rates, we can easily look back and summarize the housing bubble as follows:
1995–2001: The Internet Dotcom Frenzy
Life was changing and fast. Innovation was excitingly confusing. Technology drove the stock market to dizzy new heights and minted thousands of newly-made stock market experts and millionaires.
2000–2003: The Recession
The US economy experienced negative growth in three non-consecutive quarters – the third quarter of 2000, the first quarter of 2001 and the third quarter of 2001. Although, strictly speaking, we were not in a recession, but it was not well in the business world.
2001–2005: Housing Bubble
Real estate became the super hero and savior of the regular man when rampant house prices increased in many areas, such as California, Florida, New York, Boston, Washington, Las Vegas and Phoenix. Madness drove speculation and greed threw caution to the wind.
2005–ongoing: Crash or Soft Landing
The housing boom ended at different times for different cities and states, but generally speaking, the market stalled in the summer of 2005. In 2006 we saw sliding sales volumes almost everywhere and reality hit at the end of the first quarter when the National Association of Realtors® announced that national home sales and prices both fell dramatically in March 2007 — the steepest plunge since 1989.
The Effect of Bubble Trouble
Many areas of the country have experienced varying levels of bubble trouble. The legacy left behind varies from city to city. Overall, here’s what happened:
Home buyers became weary
Existing-home sales volume stalled
Interest rates nudged up
Home construction dropped fast
Days on market increased
Overall home prices slid
Mortgage fraud escalated
Foreclosures rose rapidly
Subprime mortgage collapsed
Home sellers become desperate
Home buyers made low offers
Surplus new construction flooded the market
Builders/Developers went insolvent
Property values declined sharply
These steps obviously did not apply everywhere or exactly in that order but living in an area with numerous foreclosures, multiple home buying speculators or even a few ruined developments had a major impact on neighboring existing home prices. On the flipside, certain places had little or no risk of housing price declines due to a strong local economy and a growing job market underpinning that specific housing area.
So here we are at this moment in time in the midst of a correcting market – let’s end with the question we started with. What lessons have or will you learn and carry forward with you to ensure that you will be a better and smarter broker and/or agent in the future, capable of serving the consumer more intelligently and more professionally?
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