RISMEDIA, Feb. 14, 2007-February 14, well known to lovers and anti-lovers alike as, Valentine's Day, celebrates the expression of love. The holiday is named after two men, both Christian martyrs named Valentine. The Greeting Card Association estimates that approximately one billion valentines are sent each year worldwide, making the day the second largest card-sending holiday of the year behind Christmas. The association estimates that women purchase approximately 85 percent of all valentines.
In the United States, the marketing of Valentine's Day has tagged it as a "Hallmark holiday." A recent trend has been to refer to February 14 as Singles Awareness Day. But regardless of your opinion of Valentine's Day, it isn't only known to those in the US. This is how Valentine's Day is spent around the world:
– In Japan and Korea, women, and less commonly men, give candy, chocolate or flowers to people they like. This chocolate is known as giri-choko, in Japan, from the words giri ("obligation") and choko, a common short version of chokor?to, meaning "chocolate". This contrasts with honmei-choko, which is given to a person someone loves or has a strong relationship with. Friends, especially girls, exchange chocolate that is referred to as tomo-choko; tomo means "friend" in Japanese.
– White Day came about on March 14, in which men are expected to return the favor to those who gave them chocolates on Valentine's Day. Many men, however, give only to their girlfriends. Originally, the return gift was supposed to be white chocolate or marshmallows; hence "White Day." However, men have taken the name to a different meaning and lingerie has become a common gift.
– In Korea, there is an additional Black Day on April 14, when males who did not receive anything for Valentine's Day gather together to eat Jajangmyun (Chinese-style noodles in black sauce). In South Korea, there is also Pepero Day, celebrated on November 11, during which young couples give each other romantic gifts.
– In Chinese Culture, there is a similar counterpart of the Valentine's Day. It is called "The Night of Sevens", on the 7th day of the 7th month of the lunar calendar; the last one being August 30, 2006. A slightly different version of this day is celebrated in Japan as Tanabata, on July 7th on the solar calendar.
– According to Jewish tradition the 15th day of the month of Av – Tu B'Av (usually late August) is the festival of love (hag haahava). In modern Israeli culture this is a popular day to pronounce love, propose marriage and give gifts like cards or flowers.
– In Brazil, the Dia dos Namorados (Boyfriend's/Girlfriend's Day") is celebrated on June 12, when couples exchange gifts such as chocolates, cards and usually a flower bouquet. This day is chosen probably because it is the day before the Saint Anthony's day, known there as the marriage saint, when many single women perform popular rituals in order to find a good husband (or nowadays, a boyfriend).
– In Colombia, the Día del amor y la amistad ("Love and Friendship Day") is celebrated on the third Friday and Saturday in September, because of commercial issues. In this country the Amigo secreto ("Secret friend") tradition is quite popular, which consists of randomly assigning to each participant a recipient who is to be given an anonymous gift (similar to the Christmas tradition of Secret Santa).
– In Mexico, the Día del amor y la amistad is celebrated similar to Colombia but this one falls on February 14.
– In Finland, Ystävänpäivä translates into "Friend's day." As the name says, this day is more about remembering your friends than your loved ones.- In Slovenia, a proverb says that "St Valentine brings the keys of roots," so on February 14, plants and flowers start to grow. Valentine's Day has been celebrated as the day when the first works in the vineyards and on the fields commence. It is also said that birds propose to each other or marry on that day. Nevertheless, it has only recently been celebrated as the day of love. The day of love is traditionally March 12, the Saint Gregory's day. Another proverb says "Valentin – prvi spomladin" ("Valentine – first saint of spring"), as in some places Saint Valentine marks the beginning of spring.
– In Romania, the traditional holiday for lovers is Dragobete, which is celebrated on February 24. It is named after a character from Romanian folklore who was supposed to be the son of Baba Dochia. Part of his name is the word drag ("dear"), which can also be found in the word dragoste ("love"). In recent years, Romania has also started celebrating Valentine's Day, despite already having Dragobete as a traditional holiday. This has drawn backlash from many groups, particularly nationalist organizations like Noua Dreapt?, who condemn Valentine's Day for being superficial, commercialist and imported Western kitsch.
– In Denmark, Norway & Sweden Valentines Day is known as Valentinsdag. It is not celebrated to a large extent, but some people take time to be romantic with their partner, or send a card to a secret love.
– Valentines Day also has regional traditions in the UK. In Norfolk a character called 'Jack' Valentine knocks on the rear door of houses leaving sweets and presents for children. Although leavings treats, many children were scared of this mystical person.