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RISMEDIA, Jan. 18, 2008-(’s tough being the seller in a buyer’s market. But your clients can improve their odds with the right research. And you can be the knight in shining armor who provides it.

In many cases, making a smart deal and getting the best price comes down to studying your market and being an educated seller.

“You’ve got to know more than you would have if you’d sold a year ago,” says William Poorvu, professor emeritus at Harvard Business School and author of the upcoming book “Creating and Growing Real Estate Wealth.” “If you want to protect yourself, you have to become knowledgeable.”

1. Recognize that housing markets are local.

Home prices are like the weather — very different in different areas. In many markets, home prices have actually gone up from last year, says Dick Gaylord, president of the National Association of Realtors.

In addition, demand will change depending on the price range and even the neighborhood. What you need to know: What’s the demand for a house like yours in your area?

“You have to look at what’s being sold and at what price,” says Poorvu. “That’s important.”

Look at comparables for similar houses. Study prices and sales for one year ago, six months ago, three months ago and current numbers, says Gaylord.

What are the trends? Are prices going up or down — and by how much? How many days are homes staying on the market? If they are on the market longer, how much of that could be seasonal? In many areas, spring and summer are the busy seasons.

Pay special attention to “the delta between the list price and the sales price,” says Ron Phipps, broker with Phipps Realty in Warwick, R.I. That is, look for a meaningful relationship between list price and sales price. Perhaps most homes are selling for 5% less than the list price.

“An agent who works the market will be in the best position” to find “the tipping point between nice, attractive and interesting — and being sold,” Phipps says. You want to find the point between, “Hey, that’s interesting,” and “It’s too good to pass up.”

2. Analyze who is buying and selling in your market.

What’s your competition? Who are the buyers, and why are they shopping?

Do you live in an area like Phoenix, “a growing market with people coming in,” says Poorvu. Or are you living in an area that doesn’t attract a lot of new residents, where many shoppers are “bottom fishers” who don’t have to buy but are “looking to pick up a bargain,” he says.

Are you competing against a flood of new houses from builders eager to sell, or are you selling a newer home in an area where most of the housing stock is older?

3. Ask the professionals.

When you interview real estate agents, ask about the market conditions for your area and price range.

Specifically, ask about the “absorption rate” says Phipps. What that means: In the current conditions with the current inventory, how long would it take the market to absorb or sell, all the houses on the market?

If the supply is much larger than the demand, ask potential agents how they would “price to offset that inventory,” he says.

4. Know what your house is worth.

Talk to a handful of agents. Get an appraisal from a certified professional appraiser. Look at your comparables. Taken together, that information will give you a pretty good idea of what your home is currently worth.

5. Consider strategic pricing.

Here’s how it works: If prices in your area are dropping 1% each month, and you want to sell within the next three months, you take 3% off your price right off the bat, says Phipps. So if you were going to put your home on the market for $400,000, you set the price at roughly $388,000.

The upside: You’ll have the competitive edge over the guy who’s dropping his price every month, without the air of desperation. Plus, in a market where prices are falling, you’ll make more money if you sell quickly.

The downside: Predicting the market is a tough call, even for the pros. And it’s really difficult to raise the price if your market starts to rebound, Phipps says.

6. Evaluate whether you really have to sell now.

If you want to get the best possible price for your home and the local market is tanking, “see if you can delay the sale,” says Poorvu. Otherwise, in a lot of markets, sellers have “to be willing to accept a pretty good haircut over what they thought their home was worth last year,” he says.

The downside of waiting: The market could decline or your circumstances could change to the point that you might need to sell quickly.

But for situations where the move is optional (or you might be able to rent the property until your local market improves), waiting is a solid option.

Just because you’ve already planted that “for sale” sign doesn’t mean you can’t change your mind if you’re not seeing the interest you anticipated.

“If you know there are no sales or sales are decreasing, and you have the opportunity,” taking it off the market is a decent solution, says Healy. “I think we’re seeing a lot of that.”

7. Assess the market where you plan to buy.

If you’re selling one house and buying another, look at the market where you plan to move. Says Poorvu, “It might be that, with the housing there, it’s a great time to buy.”