Consumer expectations in the September 2015 Survey of Consumer Expectations (SCE) show relatively stable median consumer inflation expectations at both the short and long term horizon. Inflation expectations, as well as median one-year ahead expected growth in the costs of several commodities (food, housing, medical, college education) are all at or near their lowest levels since the start of the survey in June 2013. Median earnings growth and household spending growth expectations decreased sharply from the prior month. Median expected spending growth is more than a percentage point below its June 2015 level and has reached a new series low.
Median inflation expectations declined slightly at both the one-year (from 2.8 to 2.7 percent) and the three-year ahead (from 2.9 to 2.8 percent) horizons. The 75th percentile of expected one-year ahead inflation declined 0.4 percentage points to 4.8 percent, its lowest level since the data series began in June 2013.
Median home price change expectations rose slightly from 3.0 percent in August to 3.1 percent, but remain considerably lower than expectations reported during the past two years.
The median one-year ahead expected gasoline price change rebounded somewhat from 3.2 percent to 3.8 percent but remains below values seen one year ago before the drop in oil prices.
Expectations for changes in food prices and changes in medical care costs and the cost of a college education declined to 4.8 percent, 8.8 percent and 6.0 percent respectively – with the median expected increase in food prices and college cost matching or reaching new series’ lows.
Median one-year ahead earnings growth expectations declined to 2.2 percent from 2.5 percent in August. This decline was largest among older workers and those with lower education levels. The 75th percentile of expected earnings growth dropped from 4.2 percent in August to 3.8 percent.
The mean perceived probability of losing one’s job in the next 12 months increased from 13.5 percent in August to 14.6 percent, but remains within the tight range of 13.5 to 15.0 percent seen in 2015.
The mean perceived probability of leaving one’s job voluntarily increased from 20.8 to 22.4 percent, while that for the probability of finding a job (if current job were lost) remained unchanged.
Median household income expectations fell slightly from last month’s median expected growth of 2.9 percent to 2.8 percent, still well above its average reading since June 2013. The decline was driven by lower income and lower education respondents.
Median household spending expectations decreased from 3.5 percent in August to 3.2 percent, a new low in our data series. The decline was consistent across most demographic groups (age, education, income).
Perceptions of credit availability relative to one year ago remained stable, while expectations about year-ahead credit availability deteriorated slightly.
The average perceived probability of missing a minimum debt payment over the next three months decreased by 1.2 percentage points to 10.9 percent, a new low in our data series.
The average perceived probability of a higher average year-ahead interest rate on savings accounts increased from 29 to 31 percent.
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