(TNS)—These days, planning retirement is more complicated than ever and involves countless decisions.
“Retirement looks very different for people today than it did 50 years ago,” says Aaron Hatch, a financial planner and co-founder of financial services firm Woven Capital. “People are living longer, and their families sometimes live across the country, or even across the globe.”
Some people want to travel the world when they retire, whereas others are content to plant a garden or work on their golf game. No matter how grand or modest your retirement plans are, you’ll want to make sure your finances, your significant other and your emotional state are ready for the transition. Here are five ways to test if your retirement plans match your retirement dreams.
Take your retirement budget for a test drive
Before you stop working, you should determine the income you can live on. One of the best ways to know if you have adequately planned for retirement is to actually live on such a budget, says Ed Gjertsen II, the vice president of Mack Investment Securities and chairman of the Financial Planning Association. Gjertsen recommends creating a retirement spending plan and taking a retirement test drive by trying to live on those projected expenses for a couple of months.
Steve Repak, a financial planner and author, says you shouldn’t wait too long to take your retirement for a trial run. A year or two before you plan to retire, test-drive your retirement for a set amount of months.
Calculate your Social Security benefits and take into account any pension income or retirement savings you expect to receive during retirement. See if that money will last for the entire year. If you find that you’ll be cutting it close each month or that you can’t live on your planned income, you have two choices: Lower your retirement standard of living, or plan on getting a part-time job.
Adjust your spending plan
After your test drive, you might find that you have to adjust your retirement spending plan. “We can create a terrific financial plan — then life happens,” says Gjertsen. “What most don’t realize is that we are not being nickeled and dimed to our financial detriment, but fived and 10’d instead. Cellphones, internet, cable and a myriad of other monthly expenses all create a drain on pocketbooks and portfolios.”
Be brutally honest with yourself about what is a want and what is a need and focus on how much you are spending. “Retirees, like anyone else, need to decide what is important to them and sometimes that means compromising or altering their plan,” says Hatch.
Check your emergency fund and medical coverage
Gjetsen says that the most challenging element for retirees is health care costs, because they are very difficult to fully and adequately plan for. To better figure out your financial plan for this, first understand what is covered by your Medicare parts A and B and Medigap policies. “This is a complicated area but is critical in making sure you carry proper health insurance,” Gjetsen says.
Even when you know your health insurance coverage, you should have a plan for the unexpected. If your mortgage is paid off, one suggestion is to get a home equity line of credit before retiring. “This is for emergency purposes only as a potentially cheaper cost of funds when compared to a credit card,” says Gjetsen.
Repak suggested having 18-24 months’ worth of nondiscretionary spending in emergency funds savings. “For example, if your monthly nondiscretionary spending is $1,000, you should have at least $18,000 to $24,000 in savings separate from the money you have in your retirement accounts,” Repak says. The emergency fund money should be in a bank account that is FDIC-insured and readily available with no penalties if you need to make a withdrawal.
Make sure your spouse is on board
One of the major questions Gjertsen asks in preretirement discussions is whether both spouses are ready to retire. “The retiring spouse usually answers ‘yes’ emphatically — when in fact, I was asking the question of the other spouse,” Gjertsen says.
Retirement can be a difficult transition; for couples with just one person getting ready to retire soon, both the retiree and the nonretiring spouse have to make adjustments. “It’s difficult when one spouse wants to retire and we show that it may create financial challenges down the road,” says Gjertsen.
Couples should avoid the all-or-none kind of thinking that retirement can trigger. Instead, they should work toward a third solution that’s a compromise and acceptable to both individuals.
“The key here is communication and expectations management prior to and during the first few years in retirement for the first spouse,” says Gjertsen.
Be sure you’ll enjoy retirement
“I don’t know many retired people who just sit inside all day watching television,” says Repak. Instead, they’re traveling, volunteering, pursuing hobbies or even working part time. The problem for retirees isn’t finding something to do; rather, the problem is that retirees often overcommit themselves.
“I find that a lot of people have a hard time retiring,” says Hatch. “In our culture, many people self-identify with the work that they do and that becomes their identity. So when people retire, they have to recalibrate who they are. No longer is the person ‘Dan the teacher’ or ‘Jennifer the doctor,’ so they have to redefine who they want to be.”
Hatch suggested that you do another kind of retirement test drive if you are worried that you’ll be bored during retirement. “I suggest that they don’t plan a vacation, but rather, just stay home and pretend that they are retired,” Hatch says. “If they can’t wait to get back to work at the end of the two weeks, I suggest that they think about alternatives, like moving to a part-time schedule.”
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